The Mysterious Patomskiy Crater In Siberia, What Is It, And What Caused It?

patomskiy crater

In 1949, in the north of the Irkutsk region of southeastern Siberia, about 360 km from the district center of Bodaibo, a geologist named Vadim Kolpakov discovered a large mound of limestone. With a Patomskiy crater at the top and a small rise in the middle, the cone is oddly shaped. The bank at the base is about 40 meters high and 100 meters across. The shorter pile is about 12 meters high at the top. The crater name Patomskiy after a nearby river, but it nickname “the Fiery Eagle’s Nest” by local people.

There have been several hypotheses following the discovery of the crater as to what may have formed it. It considers a meteorite impact structure for a long time. Some associate it with the Tunguska meteorite, the traces of which never find. But no other known meteorite site resembles the Patomskiy crater. Any geologists later proposed that it could be a nascent volcano, but no volcanic material was ever detected either.

Bizarre Mystery Deep in the Mountains of Siberia, Patomskiy Crater

Over the vivid green scenery of the dense Russian taiga, the blue-black mountain walls. Looking like a giant speaker, 40 meters high and 100 meters wide. This unexpected place to find in a remote location in Irkutsk’s northern territory, about 210 km north of Bodaibo.

Just a few people heard about it until 1949. They call it the “Nest of the Fire Eagle” and think of it as a terrible place avoided even by animals. Some who enter this place die a strange death, and without a trace, household animals disappear. What is the mystery behind this? Patomskiy crater Siberia, and is there a logical cause for all this strange activity?

It calls Patomskiy after a nearby river and finds by a geologist named Vadim Kolpakov, who attempted and failed to plan a research trip to explore the spot. Still, since and one sample collected last year, several expeditions have taken place.

Theories that the mound is a massive slagheap have been tossed out that when the crater is thought to have formed to produce such a pile, there were not enough people living nearby. And in the area, there were never labor camps or gulags. Last year, half a tonne of sample gather from the site and remove by helicopter.

patomskiy crater

Unique Discovery of Patomskiy Crater

Russian geologist Vadim Kolpakov was the scientist who first chanced upon this unusual formation. He came here to research in 1949, and when he saw the patomskiy crater, he did not believe his eyes.

A closer inspection found that the crater was a large mound of broken limestone blocks about 160 meters in diameter, with an estimated weight of approximately one million tons. The hole coin by “Patom” (the name of a local river), but due to a shortage of funds, it did not extensively investigate until the 2000s.

The patomskiy crater was believed to be only between 100 and 500 years old by scientists and maybe the result of the Tunguska meteorite, which crashed in Krasnoyarsk in 1908, but whose crater was never found. The meteorite believes to the site just 70 km away from the ‘eagle’s nest,’ and that distance is a flight of about 10 to 15 seconds.

The age coincided with the Tunguska occurrence in 1908. Recent studies have found that the crater is only 250 years old; meaning a previous meteorite that dropped while the region was practically unpopulated may have formed it. As the background radiation at the site is low, and no uranium detects nearby, the samples lead scientists to reject ideas of a uranium ore blast.

This left them with two fundamental theories: one of a meteorite and one of a volcano. However, the enigmatic location has not offered up any meteoritic material and is not believed to be volcanic in the region.

patomskiy crater

Theories of Mysterious Patomskiy Crater

From an alien ship landing to an underwater nuclear reaction, various hypotheses fueled by the mystery of ‘Fire Eagle’s Nest.’ 

Patomskiy crater Siberia, a meteorite landing that was created on the Patom Highland, was backed by others, including Kolpakov himself – people believed it might be a part of the Tunguska meteorite that fell in 1908 on the Siberian taiga. Others propose that the crater volcanic formation form along fault zones due to gas steam jets from a considerable depth.

There were no answers to the first complex science expedition which visited the site in 2005. The expedition’s chief died of a heart attack – a disaster that others felt was a terrible omen. Still, the researchers proceeded to investigate the area.

More active were subsequent expeditions in the years that followed (2006, 2008, and 2010). Material obtained from the site shows that the patomskiy crater formed about 500 years ago (much older than the meteorite of Tunguska). It has a zoned ring system with various zones produced at different periods.

More Theories of Mysterious Patomskiy Crater

Despite this, others tend to believe in more thrilling, farfetched theories such as a little piece of a neutron star crashing to Earth, so huge that it punched through the patomskiy crater right through the Earth and through the other side. It’s not necessarily unrealistic – two identical incidents occurred in various parts of the world in 1993. All within one month of each other.

There is also no reason for the unusual activities allegedly occurring in the vicinity of the Patomskiy crater. There is no documented evidence that something large is hidden in the middle of the hole, aside from the magnetic anomaly discovered during one of the first expeditions.

Siberian scientists have calculated the crater’s age to be about 250 years by counting tree rings of trees growing on the crater. Interestingly, the trees around the crater, similar to those seen in the forests around Chernobyl following the nuclear disaster. It shows evidence of accelerated growth for a period. This gave rise to wild hidden nuclear plant theories and buried UFOs with nuclear fuel on board. No material found so far, such as fragments of a comet or other metal beneath the patomskiy crater.

Another more plausible hypothesis, a gas volcano, has been brought up by more recent crater work. The mound may form by any fluids, such as hydrogen, being released underground. The release of heat that preceded the fluid’s underground release caused the tree rings’ size to shift. It perceives as irregular growth.

Local Legend

The Irkutsk area, although remote, has an indigenous community called the Yakut. The crater considers a low place by these persons, and they ensure that big animals should not access the area. One hypothesis regarding this superstition indicates that when the region had a much higher radiation level, maybe their ancestors were there.

It is likely that these ancestors got sick and died from this radiation. The legend synthesize over time into oral tribal tales that were a part of the history of the Yakut. Because of its shape, Yakut gave the crater its name, Fire Eagle’s Nest.


The first scientific expedition devoted to thoroughly exploring the patomskiy crater Siberia, although discovered in 1949, was not launched until 2005. There were several explanations for this pause. While an anomaly of this nature may have become a scientific priority in many other nations. Before the Soviet Union dissolved, military production was the focus of spending on scientific activity. Consequently, the crater analysis delays.

The original expedition in 2005 faced a significant setback when lead researcher Evgeny Vorobyov died on the trail not long after embarking on its destination. An autopsy confirmed a considerable heart attack as authorities recovered his body (Zubacheva 2013).

Nevertheless, or not, a terrible omen, the party moved on. While scientists extensively studied the field, it only produced more possibilities. They were unable to make a definitive decision on the cause at the time. Interestingly, however, in the immediate environment, a variety of irregularities identify.

patomskiy crater

Extraordinary Surroundings Of Patomskiy Crater

Start of the Cold War, the Russian government was initially afraid that another country could be a nuclear test site. After all, three years ago, the Americans had just made their nuclear debut in Japan. It was an apparent secret that the Russians were seeking to develop the same technology.

Subsequently, higher levels of radiation were one of the first items authorities looked for at the facility. The observations were, however, unremarkable. Although fractionally above the nominal standard, the sum did not suggest a nuclear explosion in any way.

However, what is perplexing is that for over a century before its discovery. The local flora suffered a sharp rise in height. Although sounding benign, in instances of nuclear interaction, this anomaly is average.

Radiation’s mutagenic effects influence the scale of the vegetation, frequently raising it significantly over time. In the vegetation surrounding Chernobyl, this was the case as well. There are also seismic disturbances in and near the mysterious Patomskiy crater. There are other causes of tree growth spurts, though, of course.

Recent Revelations

Modern geomorphologists assume the Fire Eagle’s Nest to be a very unusual gas volcano, serving as a vent for massive underground gas stores. The peculiar rock formations can also represent chemical reactions between surface elements and those escaping from deep into the earth.

Dmitry Demezhko, Institute of Geophysics, Yekaterinburg, indicates that the crater form in two stages. Second, a form of channel similar to mud volcanism creates by the region’s tectonic activities. Then, constant freezing and thawing over time forced the rock to break up.


Experts, if they haven’t already, are getting closer to conclusively solving this puzzling mysterious patomskiy crater once and for all. All scientists appear to agree that there is nothing else on the planet like the Patomskiy crater. There is still no explanation for the strange events reportedly occurring in the vicinity of the crater. There is no established evidence that something big bury in the center of the crater. Only the magnetic anomaly identified during one of the first expeditions.

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