Rome, the capital city of Italy is one of the most beautiful and romantic destinations in the world. With a rich history of 2500 years and numerous archeological sites, art museums, churches, and ruins it is one of the most sought-after destinations. Rome is the ideal location for people who are fascinated by the history, monuments and its myriad tales. It is also one of the most picturesque places in the world. The city has a rich amalgamation of historic ruins, magnificent art, and vibrant street life. The cityscape is simply mesmerizing. The iconic Roman Forum, The Colosseum and the Pantheon are some of the most popular locations in Rome. The Ancient statues, Byzantine mosaics, and Renaissance frescoes are a treat to the eyes. Rome is a city that you can explore at your own pace, as you take a stroll down the streets you find artistic masterpieces by Michelangelo, Canvasses by Caravaggio, Raphael frescoes and fountains by Bernini. Once you are in Rome, you can spend some of your time leisurely by hanging out in the street-side cafes and Piazzas which is truly a cross-section of the Roman culture. Late in the evening, people go out to the best restaurants and bars to enjoy the vibe, groove to good music and gorge on the local gastronomical delights.
Here are some of the most significant Rome destinations, that you simply cannot afford to miss:
The Vatican City:
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The Vatican is a beautiful independent city-state, spread over a small area of 100 acres. The place is ruled by Pope Francis, the Supreme head of the Roman Catholic Church. The great basilica and museums are the highlights of the place. It is a holy city for the Roman Catholics all over the world.
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The Colosseum is one of the most prominent attractions in the city. This majestic amphitheater was built during the first century and was the largest one in the Roman Empire. It is an architectural marvel. It was set up by the emperors of the Flavian dynasty. It was the biggest venue for theater and sport during that period.
St. Peter’s Basilica:
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This is another major tourist attraction. The magnificent church stands tall with a height of 400 feet. Artistic Maestros like Michel Angelo and Bernini have contributed in making this church a masterpiece. While Michelangelo designed the dome, Bernini designed the St. Peter’s Square. The architecture reminds us of the greatest works of the Renaissance period. It is considered to be one of the holiest shrines for Roman Catholics.
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The construction of this ancient building dates back to 126 AD. It was constructed as a temple for the Roman Gods. Supported with large Corinthian granite columns, it is one of the well-preserved structures in Rome. It was later converted into a church.
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There is a saying that ‘one who throws a coin in the Trevi fountain will return to Rome one day’. It is a popular tourist attraction in Rome. It was designed by Nicola Salvi, with a dimension of 26.3 m by 49.15m in the year 1762. This place provides an excellent backdrop for photographs.
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This monumental stairway, consist of 135 steps. It was built to link the Bourbon Spanish Embassy to the Holy See with the French Church, Trinita Dei Monti. During the month of May, the steps are decorated with bright pink azaleas. It is a visual delight for the tourists.
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Situated between the Palatine and Capitoline Hills, in a small valley is a ruin of architectural fragments. It used to be a prime location for public gatherings and speeches. It was also known as Forum Romanum and was surrounded by ancient government buildings. Some of the well-preserved structures are Tabularium, Germanium stairs, Temple of Saturn and Temple of Vesta etc.
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This famous square of Rome was built in the 15th century. It was a popular spot for celebrating festivals and conducting horse races during the middle age. The square and the surrounding facades were designed by Borromini and the gorgeous Baroque fountain, Fontana Dei Fiumi was designed by Berrini. Today it is an ideal location to drink coffee, shop and enjoy the street performances. Many well-known movies like Angels and Demons by Dan Brown and various others were filmed at the Piazza.
Basilica Di Santa Maria Maggiore:
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It is one of the most prominent Catholic churches in Rome. It has one of the most beautiful Byzantine interiors. Every year on the 5th of August, the Miracle of Snows Celebrations takes place, where millions of white petals are dropped from the ceiling, it is a lovely experience for the visitors.
San Giovanni in Laterano:
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Also known as the St. John Lateran, it is one among the four main basilicas in Rome. It is believed that it is the first ever Catholic church to be constructed in Rome. The interiors of the church are beautifully adorned with wall ornaments, mosaics, and paintings. It was built during the 4th century by Constantine.
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It is an art gallery built by Cardinal Scipione Borghese during the 17th century. Today it contains great artworks such as paintings by Titan, sculptures by Bernini and various other antiquities. The art gallery consists of several rooms housing distinct collections.
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Designed by Michelangelo, the completion of these museums took around 400 years. It is an exclusive collection of art and archeological museums. It has the medieval and renaissance art, Roman statues and the jewels which gives the visitors a sneak peek into the ancient history.
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The Palatine hill is a beautiful place to explore, with the magnificent ancient ruins. It is one among the seven hills of Rome. It displays the remnants of the earliest settlements of Rome. It is an ideal spot for people who like to delve into historical times.
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This archeological site used to be a Seaport for Rome. There are beautiful ancient buildings, which were built in the fourth century. The frescoes and Mosaics on the buildings are a major attraction here. This place is also used for cultural events occasionally.
Victor Emmanuel II Monument:
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This magnificent monument was built in the honor of the first King of Italy, Victor Emmanuel. It is designed with bright shimmering white marble. It is spaciously built and has numerous rooms within it. It is a popular spot for conducting auctions and exhibitions.
National Roman Museum:
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This is the best place to explore the rich heritage and culture of Ancient Rome. It consists of numerous branches. There are separate buildings throughout the City. The museums being scattered all around Rome, the visitors are able to get to the nooks and corners of the city, while enjoying the art and sculptural marvels. It was built during the end of 18th century, for the collection and exhibition of archaeological materials.
Rome is a complete package for the visitors who wish to explore the various facets of a city’s culture and heritage. The City allows you a mixture of experience by taking you to the past and present seamlessly as you lose yourself in the artistic marvels, majestic constructions and the happening modern city life!