15 Places You Need to Know In South America

south america

South America is the fourth largest continent in terms of land occupation with the area of 17,840,000 square kilometers. It is the fifth largest continent by population. South America is located in the southern hemisphere with the Pacific Ocean bordering it on its west and the Atlantic Ocean on its east.

South America has a total of twelve states. Spanish and Portuguese are the two common languages of South America. This continent is one stop for all the tourists’ attractions.

Here are 15 South America destinations that are worth visiting at least once in your lifetime.

  1.    Angel Falls, Venezuela

south america

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Angel falls of Venezuela is the highest waterfall in the world. They are set within the premises of Canaima National Park. Jimmie Angel discovered it in 1933. Though reaching these South America destinations requires a bit of an effort with climbing and hiking, a very few visitors get there.

  1.    Machu Picchu, Peru

south america

Source : nationalgeographic.com

Machu Picchu is one of the best archaeological sites in the world. It is a site of an ancient Inca city and is located at the height of 8000 ft. Machu Picchu is included in the list of World Heritage Site by UNESCO. There are many attractions for tourists such as Sun gate, Temple of the sun, Temple of the Condor, Temple of the three windows. Most of the architecture is of stonework.

  1.    Easter Island, Chile

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Easter Island also is known as ‘Rapa Nui’ is located around 3700 kilometers to the west of South America. This place gives constant mysterious vibes and is one of its kind on the earth. People often refer to it as an open-air museum. Easter Island is home to 400 moai statues. These statues are carved from stones blocks, all of them look similar with a head and a torso figure with a height of 13 feet. There’s no history on why and how these statues were put together.

  1.    Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia

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It is the world’s largest salt flat stretching more than 4050 square miles. Salar de Uyuni is a dessert featuring sparkling white salt. It has a flat land surface except for a few small islands. Beneath the surface of cemented salt, it has large lakes of lithium-rich saline. It has an entire industry dedicated to the extraction of these resources. In the rains, nearby lakes overflow and a thin layer of water are spread all over the salt sheet.

  1.    Galapagos Island, Ecuador

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Galapagos formed million years ago with the volcanic eruptions is one of the most amazing South America destinations. It is an amalgamation of 19 islands and a few small islets. Galapagos is a place that will prove you wrong after every 10 miles. It is located 620 miles off the coast of Ecuador in the Pacific Ocean. It features excellent wildlife including the ones that are on the edge of extinction. It has sand, desert, vegetation and white sand beaches, wildlife, and sea creatures.

  1.    Colca Canyon, Peru

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Colca Canyon is formed by slicing down the High Andes for about 100 kilometers. It is the world’s second deepest canyon and is about 3,400 meters deep. If you thought US’s Grand Canyon was deep enough, think twice because Colca Canyon is double the depth of that.

  1.    Amazon Rainforest

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Source : naturalnews.com

Amazon Rainforest is the world’s largest rainforest. It is spread over 5,500,000 square kilometers and covers the part of about eight different countries including Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. Every nine of the ten species in the world lives here.

  1.    Lake Titicaca, Peru

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Source : peruforless.com

Titicaca is the largest lake in South America. It is the world’s largest navigable body of water as it is above 3,800 meters above the sea level. It is also called as ‘The birthplace of Incas’ where Incas means sun. It is a land of Uru people who continue to live on the floating islands of Titicaca.

  1.    River of Five Colors, Colombia

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It is also known as Cano Cristales and is found in the mountain ranges of Serranía de la Macarena. The river showcases impressive patterns of colors ranging from blue, black, and green, yellow to red. It makes an effect of a rainbow appearing in the river.

  1.     Atacama Desert, Chile

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Source : quasarex.com

The Atacama Desert is an arid region located in northern Chile. It is a vast landscape of over 1000 kilometers. The Atacama Desert has been declared as the driest desert in the world. It holds the most abundant supply of sodium nitrate in the world.

  1.     Buenos Aires, Argentina

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Source : trip101.com

Buenos Aires is the most discussed city among the tourists in South America. It is famous for its colorful cultural and ancient European architecture. Apart from that, it has art museums with the collection of European as well as Argentine artists.

  1.     Rio de Janeiro

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Source : silversea.com

Rio de Janeiro is also known as Cidade maravilhosa or marvelous city. Rio is one of the most famous South America destinations with white sandy beaches, mountains, high rising buildings, and harbors. It also has a national park and is renowned for its architecture from the 1800s.

  1.     Patagonia, Argentina

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The largest national park of Argentina, Los Glaciares which makes a group of 48 glaciers, is a part of Patagonia. You can do whale watching, trekking in the colorful landscapes and spend some time with the glaciers. Mount Fitz Roy is a part of Patagonia.

  1.     Banos, Ecuador

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Source : adventureliesinfront.com

The city is famous for its naturally heated thermal baths. Banos has many adventure sports and activities such as horse riding, mountain biking, rock climbing, and paragliding.

  1.     Torres Del Paine, Chile

south america

Source : nationalgeographic.com

Torres Del Paine is a group of mountains in southern Chile. It is also named as the eighth wonder of the world and selected as the fifth most beautiful South America destinations.

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